Saint Teresa of Avila
Great saint, Doctor of the Church, teacher, mystic, founder of reformed Carmelite
and Patroness of Christian Mothers
If any man will come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross,
and follow me. For he that will save his life, shall lose it: and he that shall
lose his life for my sake, shall find it. Matthew 16:24-25
And every one that hath left house, or brethren, or sisters, or father,
or mother, or wife, or children, or lands for my names sake, shall receive
an hundredfold, and shall possess life everlasting. Matthew 19:29
He who in the heights is the Lord, in the depths is the Beloved; above
the stars He reigns; among the lilies He loves. St. Bernard
He who loves Thee, O my God, travels safely by the open and royal road,
far from the precipice; he has scarcely stumbled at all when Thou stretchest
forth Thy hand to save him. St. Teresa
St. Teresa of Jesus,
also known as St. Teresa of Avila
ST. TERESA OF AVILA
REFORMER OF CARMEL
By F. A. Forbes
1. Girlhood . . 1
2. The Call of God 10
3. The Great Mistake . . 19
4. Christ or Satan? . 28
5. Probation . . 37
6. The Divine Mission . . 47
7. Silence and Patience . 56
8. St. Josephs . 65
9. Foundations 76
10. Prioress of the Incarnation . 84
11. The Last Trial . . 92
12. The End of Sorrow . .101
Chapter 1 - Girlhood
"It was the little girl who made me do it, pleaded Rodrigo de Cepeda,
and although he did not know it, the excuse was as old as the world. The little
girl in question was Rodrigo's seven-year-old sister Teresa, who had been
seized with a burning desire for martyrdom. She wanted to see God, she passionately
assured her brother, and as it was necessary to die first, martyrdom was obviously
the only means to her end. Rodrigo himself had not seen the matter quite in
the same light, but as Teresa was his own particular friend and playmate, and
they had always done everything together, he had considered himself bound to
enter into her views. The two had set forth hand in hand at an early hour in
the morning to seek the desired martyrdom in the country of the Moors, but fate
had been against them. Scarcely had the children left the town of Avila when
they fell into the hands of an uncle, who was returning from the country. Untouched
by their tears and prayers, he promptly took them home, to the relief of the
anxious mother, who was searching everywhere for the missing pair. Rodrigos
excuse has already been given. Teresa with earnest eyes repeated her assertion:
I wanted to go to God, and one cannot do that unless one dies first.
Doña Beatriz de Ahumada was a wise and saintly woman. She explained
gently to her little daughter that for most people the road to God lies through
a life spent faithfully in His service. Such a life, especially if one tried
ones best to please God in everything one did and was careful to avoid
offending Him, might be quite as meritorious as the shorter way of martyrdom,
which was, moreover, only for the few. It was hard to give up all ones
dreams. Teresa consulted the Lives of the Saints and decided that the most desirable
thing, after a martyrs death, was a hermits life. Assisted by the
faithful Rodrigo, she set to work to build a hermitage in the garden, but, as
cement had not entered into their plans, the stones fell down as fast as they
built them up. Teresa was at last obliged to admit sorrowfully that there seemed
no more prospect of a hermits life than of a martyrs death, and
it was in this moment of discouragement that her mothers words came back
to her. To do ones best to please God and not to offend Him seemed possible
for anybody; she determined, therefore, to try this simple plan and with her
usual energy set to work at once. She had not very much pocket-money, but what
she had she gave to the poor; she tried to say her prayers as devoutly as possible
and resolved to do a kind action or say a kind word to everyone she met. It
sounds like a simple program, but it took the little girl all her time and cost
her many acts of self-denialhow many, those who practice it will soon
discover. But she brought sunshine with her wherever she went, and she began
to be supremely happy, for there is no joy like that of giving joy to others.
Doña Beatriz de Ahumada, Teresas sweet young mother, did her utmost
to bring up her large family in the fear and the love of God. Gentle, pure and
devout, she was herself their best example. Of the three sisters and nine brothers
who made up the merry family party in the big house at Avila, not one in later
life lost the strong faith and fervor that had been so firmly rooted in their
childish hearts. Don Alonso de Cepeda, her husband, was a man whom all respected.
Truthful, charitable and chivalrous, he was loved as well as obeyed by all his
children. St. Teresa herself tells us that she never knew her father or mother
to respect anything but goodness and that all the children in mind and heart
took after their parents. All, that is, she adds in her
humility, but myself.
The happy family life was soon to be broken up. When Teresa was between twelve
and thirteen years old, Doña Beatriz died. In the anguish of loneliness
that followed the loss of the mother to whom she had confided all her joys and
sorrows, the child flung herself on her knees before the Blessed Virgin, begging
her to be her mother now that she no longer had one on earth. Of all the family,
Teresa was perhaps the one who missed Doña Beatriz the most sorely and
needed her guiding hand the most. Maria, her elder sister, was already grown
up; Juana, the younger, scarcely more than a baby; Teresa, beautiful,
brilliant and lovable, was just growing from childhood into girlhood. Her brothers
adored her, and among the troop of young cousins who frequented the house she
ruled as a little queen. There was no danger as long as Teresa carried out her
resolution of pleasing God and never offending Him; but time wore on, and she
who had inspired that resolution was no longer at hand to encourage and advise.
The apparition of the Holy Child to St. Teresa
There was one among Teresas cousins, a good deal older than herself,
whose conversation, she tells us, did her much harm. She was a shallow and frivolous
girl who thought of nothing but pleasure and amusement. By the time Teresa was
fourteen, she seemed to have forgotten all her old desires of being a Saint.
Whatever time could be spared from the reading of romances was spent in setting
off her girlish beauty to the best advantage and enjoying the admiration that
she received from all within the little home circle. But the Blessed Virgin
did not forget the child who had thrown herself at her feet on the day
of her mothers death. Though Teresa was her fathers darling, he
was not so blinded by affection for his young daughter as not to notice the
change in her behavior. He was the first to see that her prayers were more hurried,
her visits to the church fewer; that she thought more of herself and less of
others. He noticed with distress the unworthy friendship that was doing all
the mischief. He noticed, too, that in spite of all her amusements, Teresa was
less joyous than of old when she had set her childish steps to go to God.
He took counsel with his eldest daughter, Maria, who had also remarked the
change in her sister and was grieving over it in silence. She herself was soon
to be married, and it was this that helped them to come to a decision, for when
Maria was established in a house of her own, Teresa could not very well remain
at home alone with her brothers. It was decided to send her to the Augustinian
Convent to complete her education, and no sooner was the wedding over than the
plan was carried out. After the first week or two of homesickness, Teresa was
heartily glad. She was already tired of the life she had been leading, and the
old desires were tugging at her heartstrings. Sister Maria Briceño, the
nun who was the mistress of the secular children at the convent, helped a great
deal to set Teresa on the path to sanctity. It was she who opened Teresas
mind, by her holy example and advice, to the possibility of becoming a nun.
Teresa remained a year and a half at the convent in the company of this holy
nun. Then, however, she became seriously ill and had to return to her fathers
house. When Teresas strength was somewhat recovered, she and her father,
Don Alonso, set out for Castellanos de la Canada, the home of Teresas
sister Maria. On the road lay the home of Don Pedro, Teresas uncle, a
holy old man who lived the life of a recluse and a Saint in Hortigosa. Don Alonsos
stay could only be short, as he was obliged to return home on business, but
Don Pedro was so delighted with Teresa that he begged his brother to leave her
with him until he could come back and fetch her home himself a week or two later.
Hortigosa seemed a little dull to Teresa after the happy life she had led with
her sister until Don Pedro, the greater part of whose time was passed in prayer
and study, proposed one day that his niece should read aloud to him in her spare
moments. Teresa, always ready to give pleasure to others, set herself bravely
to a task which she did not expect to enjoy. To her surprise, however, the Epistles
of St. Jerome and the writings of St. Augustine and St. Gregory, which were
what her uncle chiefly preferred, turned out to be less dry than she had expected.
Her quick intelligence and love of all that was noble and beautiful soon made
her almost as eager for the hour of reading as Don Pedro himself, and many were
the happy moments spent in the old Spanish garden at Hortigosa.
As the time went on, Don Pedro and his young niece found that they had much
in common. They talked now over the daily reading, while the old desire to seek
and to find God arose more strongly than ever in Teresas heart, with a
deeper understanding of the means to be taken. Already she had discovered that
earthly pleasures were unsatisfying. She had learned that those who give the
most to God are the happiest, and yet her nature shrank, as human nature will,
from sacrifice and suffering. How was it all to end? That was the question uppermost
in Teresas heart when her father came to take her home to Avila.
Saint Teresa of Avila by TAN
Books & Publishers, Inc.
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